MEXICO CITY, MEXICO - OCTOBER 27: Participants in costume perform during the annual International Day of the Dead Parade in Mexico City, Mexico on October 27, 2019. The idea for the parade, now in its fourth edition, came out of the imagination of a scriptwriter for James Bond's movie Spectre. (Photo by Emilio Espejel/Anadolu Agency via Getty Images), courtesy; https://www.theatlantic.com

Meksiko bersiap-siap untuk merayakan Mexico Day Of The Dead Parade menyoroti karakter La Catrina yang diciptakan oleh kartunis Jose Guadalupe Posada, yang terkenal dengan gambar-gambar khas lokal, adegan cerita rakyat, kritik sosial-politik dan untuk ilustrasinya tentang “kerangka” atau tengkorak , termasuk La Catrina.

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The Dead Parade, Ginnette Riquelme/AP Photo, courtesy; https://designyoutrust.com
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MEXICO CITY, MEXICO – OCTOBER 27: Participant in costume performs during the annual International Day of the Dead Parade in Mexico City, Mexico on October 27, 2019. The idea for the parade, now in its fourth edition, came out of the imagination of a scriptwriter for James Bond’s movie Spectre. (Photo by Emilio Espejel/Anadolu Agency via Getty Images), courtesy; https://www.theatlantic.com
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The Dead Parade, Ginnette Riquelme/AP Photo, courtesy; https://designyoutrust.com
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The Dead Parade, Ginnette Riquelme/AP Photo, courtesy; https://designyoutrust.com

Saat mereka bersiap-siap untuk merayakan Día de Muertos, atau Hari Orang Mati, parade dan prosesi telah berlangsung di Mexico City serta kota-kota lain, menampilkan representasi karakter La Catrina, kerangka yang mengerikan, dan ikon kematian juga dunia bawah lainnya. Liburan dua hari dimulai pada tanggal 1 November, ketika orang-orang akan menghormati anggota keluarga yang meninggal ketika mereka merayakan kematian sebagai bagian dari kehidupan. Berkumpul di sini, beberapa persiapan liburan penuh warna di Meksiko selama seminggu terakhir.

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The Dead Parade, Ginnette Riquelme/AP Photo, courtesy; https://designyoutrust.com
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The Dead Parade, Ginnette Riquelme/AP Photo, courtesy; https://designyoutrust.com
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The Dead Parade, Ginnette Riquelme/AP Photo, courtesy; https://designyoutrust.com
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TLAQUEPAQUE, MEXICO – OCTOBER 27: People participate in the Festival de la Muerte in the streets of Tlaquepaque dressed as Catrina, prior the day of the dead celebrations on October 27, 2019 in Tlaquepaque, Mexico. People in Mexico are waiting for one of the most recognizable and colorful traditions all over the territory: ‘The day of the dead’ which takes place during November 1st and 2nd. (Photo by Leonardo Alvarez Hernandez/Getty Images), courtesy; https://www.theatlantic.com

Mereka masing-masing dengan wajah yang  dicat dengan ciri-ciri uang dari La Calavera Catrina, kerangka wanita elegan yang pernah digunakan untuk mengejek orang-orang kaya Meksiko yang bercita-cita menjadi orang Eropa, tetapi semakin terlihat sebagai personifikasi Hari Orang Mati – dan simbol orang Meksiko yang keren.

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The Dead Parade, Ginnette Riquelme/AP Photo, courtesy; https://designyoutrust.com
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The Dead Parade, Ginnette Riquelme/AP Photo, courtesy; https://designyoutrust.com
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The Dead Parade, Ginnette Riquelme/AP Photo, courtesy; https://designyoutrust.com
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The Dead Parade, Ginnette Riquelme/AP Photo, courtesy; https://designyoutrust.com
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A woman fancy dressed as Catrina takes part in the “Catrinas Parade” along Reforma Avenue, in Mexico City on October 26, 2019. – Mexicans get ready to celebrate the Day of the Dead highlighting the character of La Catrina which was created by cartoonist Jose Guadalupe Posada, famous for his drawings of typical local, folkloric scenes, socio-political criticism and for his illustrations of “skeletons” or skulls, including La Catrina. (Photo by CLAUDIO CRUZ / AFP) (Photo by CLAUDIO CRUZ/AFP via Getty Images), courtesy; https://www.theatlantic.com

Día de Muertos secara tradisional merupakan acara intim, festival tiga hari dari tanggal 31 Oktober hingga 2 November di mana orang-orang hidup berkomunikasi dengan roh-roh orang mati dan para keluarga mengingat orang-orang yang mereka cintai di tempat pemakaman dan altar yang dihiasi dengan persembahan makanan, minuman dan bunga-bunga.

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The Dead Parade, Ginnette Riquelme/AP Photo, courtesy; https://designyoutrust.com
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The Dead Parade, Ginnette Riquelme/AP Photo, courtesy; https://designyoutrust.com
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The Dead Parade, Ginnette Riquelme/AP Photo, courtesy; https://designyoutrust.com
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MEXICO CITY, MEXICO – OCTOBER 27: A giant figure of Mictlantecuhtli, pre-Hispanic death deity during the Day of the Dead Parade in Mexico City on October 27, 2019 in Mexico City, Mexico. Thousands of people from Mexico City took to the streets to enjoy the Day of the Dead parade in which hundreds of artists participated. (Photo by Cristopher Rogel Blanquet / Getty Images), courtesy; https://www.theatlantic.com
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MEXICO CITY, MEXICO – OCTOBER 27: Participant in costume performs during the annual International Day of the Dead Parade in Mexico City, Mexico on October 27, 2019. The idea for the parade, now in its fourth edition, came out of the imagination of a scriptwriter for James Bond’s movie Spectre. (Photo by Emilio Espejel/Anadolu Agency via Getty Images), courtesy; https://www.theatlantic.com

Beberapa tahun terakhir, festival ini telah pindah dari kuburan dan rumah-rumah pribadi ke ruang publik dalam bentuk partai dan parade, termasuk parade Hari Orang Mati tahunan – terinspirasi oleh sebuah adegan dari film James Bond Spectre.

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The Dead Parade, Ginnette Riquelme/AP Photo, courtesy; https://designyoutrust.com
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Orang-orang berpartisipasi dalam parade tradisional untuk menghormati La Calavera (Tengkorak) Catrina. Foto: Mario Guzman / EPA, courtesy; ://www.theguardian.com
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A group of musicians characterized as Catrinas performs during the Day of the Dead Parade in Mexico City on October 27, 2019. #
Cristopher Rogel Blanquet / Getty, courtesy; https://www.theatlantic.com
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Performers in costume attend a Day of the Dead parade in Mexico City, Sunday, Oct. 27, 2019. The parade on Sunday marks the fourth consecutive year that the city has borrowed props from the opening scene of the James Bond film, “Spectre,” in which Daniel Craig’s title character dons a skull mask as he makes his way through a crowd of revelers. (AP Photo/Ginnette Riquelme), courtesy; https://www.theatlantic.com
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MEXICO CITY, MEXICO – OCTOBER 27: Participant in costume performs during the annual International Day of the Dead Parade in Mexico City, Mexico on October 27, 2019. The idea for the parade, now in its fourth edition, came out of the imagination of a scriptwriter for James Bond’s movie Spectre. (Photo by Emilio Espejel/Anadolu Agency via Getty Images), courtesy; https://www.theatlantic.com
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Performers in costume attend a Day of the Dead parade in Mexico City, Sunday, Oct. 27, 2019. The parade on Sunday marks the fourth consecutive year that the city has borrowed props from the opening scene of the James Bond film, “Spectre,” in which Daniel Craig’s title character dons a skull mask as he makes his way through a crowd of revelers. (AP Photo/Ginnette Riquelme), courtesy; https://www.theatlantic.com
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A man wearing a mask attends the annual Catrina parade ahead of the Day of the Dead in Mexico City, Mexico, October 26, 2019. REUTERS/Gustavo Graf – RC127509BBF0, courtesy; https://www.theatlantic.com

Tengkorak iring-iringan raksasa dan bersuka ria dalam kostum kerangka hanya ada sejak 2016, tetapi telah tumbuh lebih besar setiap tahun. “Seperti halnya semua yang ada di Meksiko, jika apresiasi datang dari luar negeri, maka kami juga menghargainya,” kata Pedro Zurita, editor majalah di Mexico City.

Author: Rastanti ValleyRose

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Referensi:

  • https://designyoutrust.com/2019/10/mexico-day-of-the-dead-parade-2019/
  • https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/oct/27/mexico-day-of-the-dead-festival-mainstream
  • https://mexiconewsdaily.com/news/2-parades-will-celebrate-day-of-the-dead-in-mexico-city/
  • https://www.theatlantic.com/photo/2019/10/photos-preparing-for-the-day-of-the-dead/601030/
  • https://www.usatoday.com/story/life/2019/10/31/day-dead-when-it-what-does-dia-de-los-muertos-celebrate/2491063001/